X-ray examination

Everything about X-ray examinations
What is an X-ray examination?

X-ray is one of the most well-known imaging methods, and besides modern imaging diagnostic procedures, it is still the most commonly used imaging tool to detect bone and joint problems. During imaging, organs absorb a portion of the radiation, while the rest passes through the body or changes direction and scatter. X-rays that pass through the body leave a mark on the special X-ray film placed behind the examined organ or area by a chemical reaction. Digital X-ray machines are installed in most of the centres of Affidea Hungary.

In what cases do we recommend an X-ray examination?

Examinations are recommended in cases involving bone and joint pain, bone injury caused by an accident, suspicion of fracture, and also for certain chest and abdominal complaints.

At what age can the examination be performed?

If needed, the examination can be performed for anyone; however, having an X-ray examination is not recommended during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Please make sure to inform your physician in such cases.

How is an X-ray performed?

An X-ray examination usually does not require special preparation; you only have to take your clothes off the body part to be examined. The examination can be performed in several ways: upright (e.g. for a chest X-ray), sitting (e.g. for a wrist X-ray) or supine position (e.g. for a hip or spine X-ray). Our assistant will help you with the correct position. The body parts not involved in the examination are covered with a lead apron for radiation protection.

The assistant places a cassette/detector next to the body part to be examined, and adjusts the X-ray tube to face the cassette which is placed 1 to 1.5 metres from the patient’s body. The assistant leaves the examination room for the time of the exposure, for a few seconds, but will communicate with the patient through a window. You have to stay motionless during exposure, and sometimes, it is also necessary to hold your breath. Scanning is done in a few minutes.
After the image is taken, the cassette is developed or the image is sent from the detector to the workstation. The image is immediately inspected for quality by the radiologist specialist, and additional scans are performed if necessary. If the physician finds the scan successful, the examination is over.

What risks does performing an X-ray scan involve?

X-ray examinations have no immediate side effects, and the scan is painless. Scanning is performed using ionizing radiation, which may have a harmful effect on living organisms. However, with appropriate indicated, the information gained from the examination is more beneficial to the patient’s health than the risk of radiation exposure.

How do I request an X-ray examination?

X-ray examinations covered by public health insurance are only performed on a medical referral and by appointment, or immediately, in cases of emergency. General practitioners may also issue a referral. Booking time is less than a month.
An X-ray examination may be requested in form of private care; however, a medical referral/recommendation is needed for patients under the age of 18 in private care, due to ionizing radiation.

How should I prepare for the examination?

Native X-ray examination does not require any preparation at home. You may eat and drink, and take your regular medications. Right before the examination, clothes, and accessories and watches containing metal should be removed from the body part to be examined.