Pulmonology deals with the diseases of the airways and the lung, including the treatment of asthma and allergy.
Pulmonology deals with the disorders of the lung and airways, and it is the task of the pulmonologist to treat respiratory allergies as well. The diseases of the lung may co-occur with the diseases of other organs, and the circulatory system is also often affected. The number of smokers is still high in Hungary, and this is related to the fact that several hundreds of thousands of people have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Among cancerous diseases, lung cancer claims the most victims worldwide. Asthmatic diseases are also increasingly common; 3 to 5 percent of the children are affected in Hungary. The treatment of bronchitis and chronic respiratory failure also belongs to the field of pulmonology.
During the specialist practice, the physician reveals the patient’s complaints, reviews the hereditary diseases in the patient’s family and lifestyle of the patient, for example whether he/she smokes, or works with dangerous materials. Imaging procedures, such as CT or X-ray examinations are often required for an accurate diagnosis. A pulmonary function test (spirometry) helps assess the condition of the lungs. The pulmonologist may request a laboratory blood test or a skin test (Prick test) performed by an allergist to examine allergy symptoms. Based on the results, the pulmonologist can recommend a medical or non-medical treatment, or surgical intervention. The aim of the treatment is to relieve complaints, improve the quality of life, and even to fully eliminate complaints, when possible.