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General otorhinolaryngology deals with the diseases and alterations related to taste, the olfactory and auditory organs, as well as the interconnected system of the head and the neck.

An otorhinolaryngology specialist examination looks into the diseases of the oral cavity, the nose, the pharynx, the larynx and the auditory organs. This specialty also deals with vocal disorders, the investigation of the causes of tinnitus, allergic complaints, snoring, as well as sleep apnoea, dizziness, and hearing disorders. The most common problems include the inflammation of the middle ear, tonsillitis, adenoids, inflammation of the pharynx and larynx, and sinusitis.

What complaints should prompt you to visit an otorhinolaryngology specialist?
  • ear pain, ear congestion;
  • hearing loss, tinnitus, dizziness;
  • chronic pharyngitis, tonsillitis;
  • chronic hoarseness, coughing;
  • swallowing difficulties;
  • inflammation of the middle ear;
  • chronic nose congestion, nasal discharge;
  • frequent nosebleeds;
  • sleeping disorders, snoring, sleep apnoea;
  • allergic complaints.
What happens during a specialist examination?

The specialist asks the patients about their medical history and current complaints in detail, after this, examines the problematic area. For cases involving the ears, the specialist examines the external meatus and the eardrum and performs a hearing test. Treatment of ear congestion and other minor problems (e.g. ear syringing) can be carried out immediately.
The physician examines the nasal cavities, the nasopharynx and the hypopharynx using a nose speculum, an endoscope, and by percussion. An X-ray examination of the paranasal sinuses might be needed. When examining the oral cavity, the physician inspects the tonsils and the pharynx, as well as the movement of the larynx. Sample from the exudates might be taken, if needed. Lymph nodes are examined with palpation. The examination is painless. Depending on the results, the specialist may recommend medical treatment or surgical intervention.