Internal medicine examines the entire body, the function of internal organs; it integrates several specialities from prevention to rehabilitation. If the origin of the complaints is not obvious, starting with a comprehensive internal medical examination is highly recommended.
An internist deals with the pathological alterations of internal organs, as well as the treatment, diagnosis and prevention of internal medical diseases. This diverse field includes several specialities: the diseases of the cardiovascular, respiratory, haematopoietic and gastrointestinal system, as well as the liver and the endocrine glands are all treated in an internal medical specialist practice. Having many years of professional experience, our internal medicine specialists decide on the therapy based on the evaluation of the examination results of each speciality.
It is recommended to visit an internist if the symptoms are uncertain and general, and their origin cannot be exactly located. This includes symptoms such as a headache, abdominal or chest pain, fatigue, dizziness, respiratory or sleeping disorders, neurological or gastrointestinal complaints.
As a preventive measure, every adult person should have regular internal medical examinations, blood tests and urinalyses, at least once a year, even if they do not have any complaints otherwise.
The specialist asks the patients about their medical history, the type of their complaints and diseases that run in the family. During the physical examination, the patient’s blood pressure, pulse, height, weight and body mass index is measured, and the physician also examines the thyroid gland, lymph nodes, abdominal tenderness, the size and condition of the liver and the spleen with palpation. The chest, the lung and the heart are examined with percussion and a stethoscope. After a full physical examination, the physician decides about further examinations and refers the patient to the specialist of the appropriate field, if necessary. The internist may also request further examinations: laboratory, ultrasound, diagnostic imaging, ECG and other related specialist examinations.