WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF LUNG CANCER? WHAT ARE THE PREDISPOSING FACTORS?
There is an obvious relationship between smoking and lung cancer. Cigarette smoking is accounted for development of lung cancer in 85% of cases in men and in 75% of cases in women. In addition, polluted air of the cities may also be a contributing factor. However, among non-smokers lung cancer is rare, typically it has different histological structure and it is more common that a metastasis resulting from the cancer of another organ develops in the lung.
SYMPTOMS: CONTACT A PHYSICIAN IF YOU EXPERIENCE THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS
Warning symptoms include cough, which rarely gives rise to fears in smokers, in whom it may also be due to chronic bronchitis, appears as a typical complaint. However, when the cough worsens, turns to dry cough, it becomes of concern. Typical symptoms include bloody sputum, chest pain, shortness of breath, recurrent pneumonia, hoarseness, wheezing.
ROLE OF DIAGNOSTIC TESTING: LIFESAVING
Unfortunately, without specific screening there is almost no chance for early detection of lung cancer because the symptoms are poor, and the chest X-ray may not show differences. If lesions can be observed on the X-ray image, it indicates advanced stage of the tumour.
In this case, usually chest CT scan is performed, which better detects lung and lymph node involvement.
If you smoke or live in smoky environment, it is recommended, in addition to the periodic lung screening, that you have low radiation dose chest CT scan, as this test can detect even the smallest details in the lung that may not be noticed with screening tests.
HOW CAN EUROMEDIC DIAGNOSTICS HELP YOU?
In our centres it is possible to perform screening chest CT scan, and a specific screening package for smokers is also available. The health screening package for smokers includes in addition to the chest CT, a Doppler ultrasound of neck arteries for the presence of carotid artery calcification, stenosis and obstruction.
DID YOU KNOW…
If a non-smoking person stays in the environment of smokers, it is as if the following quantity of cigarettes consumed by himself/herself:
Spending two hours in a smoky bar or nightclub equivalent to a consequences of smoking four cigarettes for the non-smoking person.
In a restaurant, which has a separate section for smokers and non-smokers, however, there is only one common space in the room, spending two hours equivalent to smoking a half cigarette.
At work, where it is not illegal to smoke, and there isn’t a separate area for smoking, a non-smoker smokes six cigarettes during an 8-hour shift.
At home, in twenty-four hours, with a spouse smoking one pack of cigarette a passive smoker smokes three cigarettes.
During three hours sitting in a park next to someone who smokes, a non-smoker also smokes a cigarette.
In a car, if one person is smoking and the window is not open, the non-smoking passenger also smokes three cigarettes over one hour.
Take measures to ensure that you can care for your family and enjoy life with your friends for a long time!
Always consult with your physician, referring physician or the radiologist / member of healthcare staff of our centre about using these tests!